Communication Delay — The farther from Earth a spacecraft ventures, the longer it takes to pass radio signals back and forth. But how can you tell e. Timing the disappearance and reappearance of all sunspots reveals a complex rotational pattern. Putting telescopes in space neatly avoids this problem. Look at it with one eye closed. At noon precisely, the shadow will be at its shortest.

What is the Drake Equation? The CMB radiation does more than cause space to glow; it heats the void to an average temperature of 2. Spelling, punctuation and grammar used with considerable accuracy. Your exam requires the use of kilometres for this calculation, not miles. Sceptics maintained that our Solar System was the only place in the Universe where planets were likely to be found.

He saw galaxies moving away from each other… fleeing faster by the second. It takes 25 days to complete one full turn at the equator where gravity is strongerbut 36 days at the poles. This is because Mars orbits the Sun, while the Moon orbits Earth, so these two satellites are drawints mathematically. The answer is yes. The outer belt also attracts cougsework emitted by solar flares.

About midway through each cycle 5. What are rilles and wrinkle ridges? An indirect method of observing the Sun is safest. The best way to achieve this is by spending some time outdoors away from artificial lights prior to observing.

GCSE Astronomy Controlled Assessment – ppt download

The Virgo Cluster forms part of an even bigger grouping of galaxies: At-a-glance, you can see that the plotted points form a U-shaped curve. Nicolaus Copernicus was the first person to cast serious doubt upon the geocentric that is, Earth-centred model of our Solar System, which had stood unchallenged for years.


By contrast, the highlands are mountainous, highly cratered regions, light-grey in colour. Comets follow very elliptical paths; crossing the orbits of all other planets as they fly in towards the Sun and back out towards deep space… to return again in time.

GCSE Astronomy Controlled Assessment

And that was on a short trip to the Moon, so a Mars mission lasting over a year could take a hard toll on the crew. If Kepler and Copernicus can be credited with disproving the geocentric model in theory, Galileo Galilei ought to be credited with disproving it in practice. This is because, at the same time as being orbited, the Sun is falling towards the centre cursework our galaxy — thus orbiting it.

The coursewlrk in a galaxy orbit a bright, common centre of mass — known as the galactic central point, or nucleus. Then, over the next 11 years, the pairs gcsw closer — almost meeting at the equator before the cycle resets. Thus, a collision between Earth and another planet seems the most plausible way of accounting for similarities, while allowing for some differences.

astronomy gcse coursework constellation drawings

Note that, in fact, every comet sprouts astronmy tails as it approaches the Sun: Full observational details included clearly and accurately. Can we view our whole galaxy through ordinary telescopes?

Nor can we use radar, since it would take many years for signals to travel the vast distances involved. One such approach aastronomy to use your telescope as a projector, like so:. In this graph, where the curve is above the line, sundials are running fast on those dates xoursework to clocks.


What is its orbital radius? As you can see aboveonly radio waves and visible light in the EM spectrum are able to penetrate all the way to ground-based observatories.

astronomy gcse coursework constellation drawings

Sceptics maintained that our Solar System was the only place in the Universe where planets were likely to be found. Instead, be prepared for a tiny bit of maths! There are eight planets in our Solar System, or nine planets if you still count Pluto.

Starting with globular clusters, these typically contain over a thousand older stars. Here are the 24 letters of the Greek alphabet, and how to pronounce them:. How long does it take to orbit?

GCSE astronomy coursework – constellations

A neutron star is incredibly dense — so much so, its own fierce gravity causes all protons and electrons within its atoms to fuse, forming neutrons. As discussed in lesson one, Rayleigh scattering causes the sky to appear blue in colour during the day, preventing stars and other celestial objects being seen. He published a book, On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheresin which he posited a heliocentric that is, Sun-centred model, supported by logical explanations for gcde observed phenomena.